Any attempt to interpret the cross-
Let us first acknowledge that Moreman's experiment has shown that correspondences
of some sort can indeed be found in a randomised selection of literary extracts.
The questions which arise are whether these extracts are meaningful, in the manner
of many of the cross-
Moreman early acknowledges that specific instructions, like that of the supposed
discarnate Edmund Gurney to Mrs Holland to send her script to someone she did not
know to an address she had not heard of, 5, Selwyn Gardens, Cambridge, must pre-
This raises some difficult issues. Whence did Mrs. Holland derive her written instruction?
Was it from the same source that casually mentioned the circumstances of the life,
death, age, burial place etc of a John Collins, facts which were not to be largely
validated until some thorough burrowing work by Guy Lambert about half a century
later (Lambert 1967)? The only non-
In fact Moreman leaves us with an arbitrary mixture of random, coincidental similarity
That really will not do. As the first author wrote to Moreman in 2001, "You really
cannot have it both ways: you cannot draw a conclusion based entirely on chance,
while finding yourself obliged to postulate a no-
There are many comparable examples of requests via the principal mediums' scripts
or oral messages either to check this, refer back to that or to inform the other.
Mrs Verrall, for example, was specifically urged to send her early script to Dr.
Hodgson because he was one of the few people considered likely to recognise the significance
of a reference to Syringa (lilac) (Verrall,1906). Indeed, what chiefly characterises
the best C-
In any event the Moreman experiment wrenches the C-
Equally pertinent are other aspects of the C-
I omit the vast and complex evidence to show where and how scripts are predictive of events to come, but this is a field in which Professor Archie Roy and I have been labouring for some years, and whose outcome we expect to present to members in the not too distant future..
A glance at Moreman's list of references reveals an odd and disturbing fact. Just
as it would be inexcusable to attempt a history of World War II without mentioned
Churchill, or write a biography of Wellington while avoiding reference to Napoleon,
so it is of little value to assess the evidential value and the coincidental significance
of the C-
It is not without significance that, in citing the work and implicitly criticising the gullibility of leading researchers, Moreman makes no mention of the seminal study by Gerald Balfour on the psychological aspects of Mrs Willett's mediumship (Balfour, 1935). He also unaccountably ignores Salter's account of the Rose of Sharon case (Salter 1963), which is good enough evidence to show how misconceived is the notion that odd concordances from disparate sources can begin to explain the abundance of pointers to a set of events due to take place between a few days and five years before they occurred.
Then there are the five examples cited by the eminent French savant Dr Gustave Geley
(Geley, 1914) on which Piddington comments (Piddington, 1916). Geley's complaint,
like that of Moreman and many others, was that the British C-
But, as Piddington gently observed, 'If ten automatists on the same day each wrote
"A covey of elephants danced round Buckingham Palace” and sang “We Wont go Home till
We fear it may have led Mr Moreman astray.
Balfour, Earl of. (1935) The Psychological Aspects of Mrs Willett's Mediumship. Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research, 43, pt. 140.
Balfour, Countess of. (1960), The Palm Sunday Case. (Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research, 52, pt. 169).
Bird, J. M. (1929) Article in Psychic Research, August issue.
Geley, G. (1914) Contributions a l'etude des Correspondances croisées. E. Roussel, Paris.
Haywood, R. 1960 The Palm Sunday Case: a Tangle for Unravelling (Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 40, pt. 704).
Lambert, G. (1967) Who was John Collins? Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 44, pt 731.
Piddington, J.G. (1916) Cross-
Salter, W.H. (1948) An Introduction to the Study of Scripts. Printed privately.
Salter, W.H. 1960) The Palm Sunday Case: a note, Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 40, pt. 704.
Salter, W.H. (1961) Zoar, Sidgwick and Jackson.
Salter, W. H. (1963) The Rose of Sharon Case. Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research 54, pt. 194.
Verrall, A.W. (1906)On a Series of Automatic Writings, Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research, 20, pt 53 (see page 101).